A nanofizika alapjai
Fundamentals of Nanophysics
- Lecturers: András Halbritter, Szabolcs Csonka, Peter Makk
- Responsible lecturer: András Halbritter
- Language (2018): English
- Schedule: 3 lectures/week, on Wednesday, 9:30-12:00
- Neptun Code: BMETE11MF37
- Credits: 4
- Exam: The grade is based on an oral exam in the exam period. At the exam the printed out lecture notes can be used, the emphasis is put on the level of understanding.
The building blocks of nowadays electronic devices have already reached a few tens on nanometers sizes, and further miniaturization requires the introduction of novel technologies. At such small length-scales the coherent behavior and the interaction of electrons, together with the atomic granularity of matter induce several striking phenomena, that are not observed at the macroscopic scale. The course gives an introduction to a broad set of nanoscale phenomena following the topics bellow:
- Introduction, characteristic length-scales, nanowires (2018). Characteristic length-scales, two dimensional electron gas systems, nanoscale fabrication and imaging techniques. Diffusive and ballistic nanowires, quantum wires, Landauer description of mesoscopic transport, conductance quantization. Four probe resistance in a quantum wire.
- Interference phenomena in nanocircuits (2018). Coherent and incoherent serial connection of scattering centers. Mesoscopic Aharonov-Bohm effect, Altshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations. Decoherence due to the interaction with the environment. Conductane fluctuations and weak localization.
- Noise as the signal (2018). Shot noise in quantum point contacts, charge measurement, classical and quantum chaos, Hanbury Brown & Twiss experiments with electrons.
- Spintronics (2018), spin valve, spin torque, spin decoherence, spin injection, nonlocal measurements.
- Quantized Hall effect (2018) Integer Quantum Hall Effect, Fractional Quantum Hall Effect, Chern-Simon transformation, Composite Fermions.
- Quantum dots (2018) and applications, artificial atoms, spin qubits.
- Carbon nanostructures (2018), Introduction to graphene, band structure, iso-, pseudospins, Dirac spectrum, Berry-phase, Klein tunneling, Quantum Hall -effect in graphene
- Superconducting nanostructures, first lecture (2018), Superconducting nanostructures, second lecture (2018). Bogoljubov de Gennes equation, Andreev reflection, BTK theory, spin polarization measurement, crossed Andreev reflection, mesoscopic proximity effects (reentrance, reflectionless tunneling), Josephson effect, Shapiro resonances, SQUID.
- S. Datta: Electronic Transport in Mesoscopic Systems, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
- T. Ihn: Semiconducting nanosctructures, Oxford University Press, 2010.
- Y.V. Nazarov, Y.M. Blanter: Quantum Transport: Introduction to Nanoscience, Cambridge University Press, 2009.
- Nanofizika tudásbázis